the former soviet union world health organization

THE FORMER SOVIET UNION - World Health Organization

IV Behind the estimates of out-of-pocket spending on health in the former Soviet Union | ABOUT THE AUTHORS 1 Nora Markova is a health expenditure and financing analyst at the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe with work experience in health economics, involving academic, corporate, government and consultancy work.

Trends in health systems in the former Soviet countries

After the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, the countries that emerged from it faced myriad challenges, including the need to reorganize the organization, financing and provision of health services. Over two decades later, this book analyses the progress that twelve of these countries

Asian Nations of the Former Soviet Union | Criminal ...

1965-2005The World Health organization has been collecting data on mortality and causes of death (including suicides, homicides, and accidents) since 1950. The data are organized into 4 files, according the International Code of Death codes in use at the time (versions 7, 8, 9, and 10). The data are organized by country, year, gender, and cause of death.

Diphtheria in the Former Soviet Union: Reemergence of a ...

Dec 16, 2010 · The Soviet Union was the most extremely militarized large country in the world, with 1.4% of its population armed . The high level of militarization and the lack of routine immunization of recruits resulted in bringing large numbers of susceptible adults together from all parts of the immense country under conditions of crowding and suboptimal ...

Diphtheria in the former Soviet Union: The epidemic ...

May 01, 1994 · 高达10%返现 · Diphtheria in the former Soviet Union: The epidemic continues World Health Organization Sozial- und Präventivmedizin/Social and Preventive Medicine volume 39 , page 182 ( 1994 ) Cite this article

Access to medicines in the former Soviet Union

Access to medicines in the former Soviet Union. Ver/ Abrir. Eurohealth-21-2-10-13-eng.pdf (‎538.8Kb)‎ ...

Comparison of breast cancer and cervical cancer stage ...

Feb 12, 2021 · A new study published in The Lancet Oncology presents tumour–node–metastasis (TNM) stage distributions and trends in stage-specific incidence rates of breast cancer and cervical cancer in the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union. The study was led by researchers from the Cancer Surveillance Branch of the International Agency ...

Mental Health in Former Soviet Countries: From Past ...

update. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008.16 Over the last ten years, suicide rates among men have decreased in most former Soviet countries, after a sharp increase from the early 1980s to 2000 (Figure 1). Like in the other European countries, suicide rates among women in most former Soviet countries have been on a steady decrease

SURVEY OF THE QUALITY OF ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS

EURO World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe . FDC Fixed-dose combination . FPP Finished pharmaceutical product . ... selected newly independent states of the former Soviet Union (NIS), as one of the potential factors contributing to the high burden of

Chernobyl: the true scale of the accident

Sep 05, 2005 · A total of up to 4000 people could eventually die of radiation exposure from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (NPP) accident nearly 20 years ago, an international team of more than 100 scientists has concluded.As of mid-2005, however, fewer than 50 deaths had been directly attributed to radiation from the disaster, almost all being highly exposed rescue workers, many who died within

Soviet Union - Wikipedia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state that spanned Europe and Asia during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a federal union of multiple national republics; in practice its government and economy were highly centralized until its final years. The country was a one-party state prior to 1990 governed by the Communist ...

Mapping health research capacity in 17 countries of the ...

1. Eur J Public Health. 2016 Apr;26(2):349-54. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckv186. Epub 2015 Oct 8. Mapping health research capacity in 17 countries of the former Soviet Union and south-eastern Europe: an exploratory study.

Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former ...

A 406 v o l u m e 118 | |n u m b e r 9 September 2010 • Environmental Health Perspectives Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union Edited by Julian Agyeman and Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger Cambridge, MA:MIT Press, 2009. 296 pp.

Health reform in central and eastern Europe and the former ...

In the two decades since the fall of the Berlin Wall, former communist countries in Europe have pursued wide-ranging changes to their health systems. We describe three key aspects of these changes—an almost universal switch to health insurance systems, a growing reliance on out-of-pocket payments (both formal and informal), and efforts to strengthen primary health care, often with a model of ...

‘How can you blame WHO because someone ate a bat ... - RT

Nov 13, 2020 · One of Russia’s top diplomats has spoken out in defense of the World Health Organization (WHO) after the US moved to pull out of the group over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic. Russia’s permanent representative to the United Nations, Vasily Nebenzya, told journalists on Thursday that President Donald Trump’s criticisms of the WHO ...

Alcohol control policies in Former Soviet Union countries ...

Issues: The last Soviet anti-alcohol campaign of 1985 resulted in considerably reduced alcohol consumption and saved thousands of lives. But once the campaign's policies were abandoned and the Soviet alcohol monopoly broken up, a steep rise in mortality was observed in many of the newly formed successor countries, although some kept their monopolies.

Diphtheria in the Former Soviet Union: Reemergence of a ...

Data from a World War II epidemic in Halifax, Nova Scotia, suggest the high epidemic potential of these strains (18). Diphtheria was endemic in Halifax (30 to 80 cases per year), Table 1. Diphtheria incidence in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union

Jon Sawyer | Pulitzer Center

Jon Sawyer. Jon Sawyer is executive director of the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, a nonprofit organization that funds independent reporting with the intent of raising the standard of media coverage of global affairs and that also supports a broad range of educational initiatives. Sawyer became the center's founding director after a 31-year career with the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

‘US misled me into joining Mujahideen, then tortured me ...

Sep 11, 2021 · At the time, the Afghan Islamists were hailed as heroic freedom fighters, a ‘David’ who had defeated the ‘Goliath’ of the mighty Soviet Union and was on its way to topple the communist government in Kabul.“Saudi Arabia, the Gulf countries, Germany, where I lived, supported Afghanistan. We used to watch movies.

Homicide in Russia and the European Nations of the Former ...

Russia and former USSR homicide rate spreadsheet [xls] Russia and former USSR homicide rate spreadsheet [csv] Homicide in Russia and the European Nations of the Former Soviet Union, 1902-2006 The World Health organization has been collecting data on mortality and causes of death (including suicides, homicides, and accidents) since 1950.

Issue paper on assistance to Eastern Europe and the ...

WHO Action Programme on Essential Drugs & World Health Organization Action Programme on Essential Drugs Management Advisory Committee Meeting. (‎6th : 1994 : Geneva, Switzerland)‎. (‎1994)‎. Issue paper on assistance to Eastern Europe and the Republics of the Former Soviet Union. World Health Organization.

World mortality 1950–2000: divergence replaces convergence ...

202 Bulletin of the World Health Organization | March 2005, 83 (3) ... to 1980–85, although in parts of the former Soviet Union, including the Russian Federation, life expectancy fell and in many countries in central and eastern Europe it stagnated (Fig. 4b). Most recently (1980–85 to 1995–2000) the pattern be-

Statistics for out-of-pocket spending on health care of ...

Statistics for out-of-pocket spending on health care of the former Soviet Union countries. View/ Open. Eurohealth-17-4-27-31-eng.pdf (‎2.264Mb)‎ ...

Diphtheria in the former Soviet Union: The epidemic ...

May 01, 1994 · Diphtheria in the former Soviet Union: The epidemic continues World Health Organization Sozial- und Präventivmedizin/Social and Preventive Medicine volume 39 ,

Underestimation of Infant Mortality Rates in One Republic ...

May 01, 2003 · Objectives. Kazakhstan’s live-birth definition—that dates from the former Soviet Union (FSU) era—differs from that used by the World Health Organization (WHO). We studied the impacts of both live-birth definitions on the computations of the infant mortality rate (IMR) and maternal and child health (MCH) planning in Zhambyl Oblast, Kazakhstan.

The Former Soviet Union and the World Bank

Leadership, organization, and history With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries.

SELF-REPORTED HEALTH AMONG IMMIGRANTS FROM THE

1.1.1 The Former Soviet Union The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, referred to here as the Former Soviet Union (FSU), was a constitutional communist state that existed from 1922 to 1991. From 1940 until its dissolution, it included 15 republics (presented here with their modern names):

What happened after an explosion at a Russian disease ...

Nov 27, 2019 · Yet while the World Health Organization was reassured by the response from VECTOR officials, others still harbored concerns. A little more than a month earlier, an explosion at a Russian military test site led US intelligence officials to suspect Russia had been experimenting with a nuclear-powered cruise missile.The explanations from governmental authorities about what happened and

Country of the Former Soviet Union (USSR) - The Countries Of

The Soviet Union (full name: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or USSR) was a socialist state created by Vladimir Lenin in 1922. During its existence, the USSR was the largest country in the world. The USSR collapsed in 1991 and left the 15 independent states we know today in

Lessons from health financing reform in central and ...

At the end of the Communist era in the countries of central/eastern Europe and the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), health financing systems were characterised by high degrees of fragmentation between health sub-systems (systems organised at each level of public administration, such as district, province etc.) and vertical ...

Hazardous alcohol drinking in the former soviet union: a ...

Introduction. Alcohol is an important cause of premature mortality in countries of the former Soviet Union (fSU) (World Health Organization, 2002), underlying the dramatic fluctuations in life expectancy in the region since the mid-1980s that have been driven by deaths from injuries and violence, cardiovascular disease, and alcohol poisoning (Shkolnikov et al., 2001; McKee, 1999).

(PDF) Underestimation of Infant Mortality Rates in One ...

May 31, 2003 · Kazakhstan's live-birth definition--that dates from the former Soviet Union (FSU) era--differs from that used by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Diphtheria Epidemic -- New Independent States of the ...

Diphtheria Epidemic -- New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union, 1990-1994 . Although diphtheria was controlled for approximately 30 years after the institution of childhood vaccination with diphtheria toxoid in the late 1950s, epidemic diphtheria has reemerged in the New Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union (1,2) Figure_1 and Figure_2.

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